An Analysis of Economic Sustainability of Gaushalas in Haryana
Shweta Bijla Ajmer Singh S. Khalandar Priya Sharma
Vol 9(7), 171-188
Cow is revered by more than 70% of the population of our country. Although the cattle population of the country is dominated by indigenous cattle, but the population of crossbred cattle has increased significantly. This poses threat to genetic diversity of our indigenous cattle. There is yet another problem of large number of stray cattle in the country and their number is still increasing. Gaushalas are good alternative to manage the ever-increasing stray cattle population and also to conserve our deteriorating genetic base. Hence, it becomes important to study how economically the Gaushalas are managed provided the type of animals they keep. For this purpose, Haryana was selected as this state has initiated many programs for indigenous cattle conservation and particularly for Gaushalas. To study the economic sustainability, economic sustainability index was developed using six indicators viz. net income per animal, returns over variable cost per animal, autonomy, donations, proportion of productive animals and employment generation. Karnal and Yamunanagar were highly sustainable with ESI values of 0.80 and 0.77 respectively. Panipat, Kaithal and Ambala gaushalas were found to be moderately sustainable with ESI values 0.57, 0.51 and 0.37 respectively. While, Hisar gaushala in western part of the state was found to be the least sustainable Gaushala with very low ESI 0.15 followed by other Gaushalas viz. Jind, Bhiwani and Rohtak gaushalas with low ESI values viz. 0.18, 0.21 and 0.21 respectively. Overall ESI was 0.30 for whole sample which shows lower sustainability of Haryana gaushalas.
Keywords : Diversification Economic Sustainability Index Functioning Gaushalas Indigenous Cattle
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