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Antibiotic Resistance Profiling of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Poultry in India

Rahul Yadav and Sunil Maherchandani
Vol 10(3),141-151
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20200116051419

The present study was conducted for detection of antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter jejuni isolates of poultry origin in India. Highest (100%) antibiotic sensitivity was observed for chloramphenicol and aminoglycosides (gentamicin, amikacin) whereas high antibiotic resistance was observed against β-lactam antibiotics and fluoroquinolone antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, nalidixic acid and norfloxacin) in in vitro antibiotic susceptibility testing and MIC determination as well. The gyrB gene which codes for proteins responsible for fluoroquinolone resistance was detected in 100% of the isolates followed by gyrA gene (95.34%). The gyrA gene-based phylogeny represented close homology of our C. jejuni isolates with isolates from Europe and didn’t represent homology with isolates from India in public domain.

Keywords : Antibiotic Resistance Campylobacter jejuni Poultry

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