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Biochemical Reference Intervals for Semi-Captive Sloth Bears (Melursus ursinus ursinus) in India

Chandra Mohan S. Sooraj V. Nair Reena Gupta Karikalan M. Ilayaraja S. Arun Attur Shanmugam Anil Kumar Sharma
Vol8(4), 311-315
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170923065855

Blood samples were collected in serum vials from 30 adult sloth bears of either sex, being maintained at Agra Bear Rescue Centre of Wildlife SOS, India. Serum was separated and 12 major serum biochemical parameters were analyzed. All the parameters were estimated manually using chemical methods. The mean total protein concentration was 7.32±1.05 g/dl. Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities were 36.78±7.52 U/L and 56.37±27.02 U/L respectively. Renal functions tests like creatinine, urea and BUN were at 1.08±0.24 mg/dl, 13.4±2.74 mg/dl and 6.24±1.49 mg/dl respectively. The mean calcium and phosphorus concentrations were 9.48±1.45 mg/dl and 3.7±0.53 mg/dl respectively. Concentrations of serum electrolytes sodium, potassium and chloride were 72.44±15.84 mmol/L, 5.07±0.78 mmol/L and 83.54±13.8 mmol/L respectively. Concentration of triglycerides was at 330.29±137.9 mg/dl. As many internal and external factors influence the parameters, with careful interpretation these reference intervals play very crucial role in monitoring health condition of sloth bear.

Keywords : Biochemistry Reference Intervals Sloth Bear Serum

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