The study was undertaken to assess the present demand and supply of fodder production in different districts of Karnataka and also to identify the districts with high vulnerability for fodder shortage based on their rainfall pattern. For the study, the secondary data was collected from the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Department, Bengaluru and Natural disaster monitoring center, Government of Karnataka. The results revealed that Kolar, Mandya, Bidar, Yadgir, Chickmagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Uttara Kannada were considered as highly vulnerable districts whereas Bengaluru urban, Ramanagara, Chickballapur, Tumkur, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Dharwad, Bagalkote and Shivamogga come under moderate vulnerability category towards fodder shortfall. The remaining districts like Bengaluru rural, Chitradurga, Mysore, Bellary, Chamrajnagar, Davanagere, Bijapur, Raichur, Gadag, Haveri, Koppal, Hassan and Kodagu have less vulnerability of fodder deficit and also act as surplus districts to fulfill the fodder requirement of other deficit districts of Karnataka. So the government has to take a necessary action towards it and improve the fodder production status in Karnataka by proper procurement, transportation, conservation and distribution of excess fodder to the deficit districts, organizing fodder banks to supply the seeds and root slips at reasonable rate in adequate quantity to the farmers.