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Economic Contribution of Backyard Piggery in the Livelihood Security of Tribal Families of Assam

Janmoni Shyam Hema Tripathi Bharemar Lingaraju Balaraju
Vol 7(2), 135-143
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170208124713

The present study has been carried out to assess the economic contribution of backyard piggery in the livelihood security of tribal families of Assam, India. Observation and personal interaction were done to collect the data from ten selected villages of two districts namely; Dhemaji district (North Bank Plain Zone) and Karbi Anglong distrcit (Hill Zone). Study revealed that the mean scores of the income generated by the respondents from backyard piggery came from two different agro climatic locales i.e. plain and hilly zones showed significant difference. The average annual income generated from backyard pig farming inclusive of family labour was calculated as ₹ 9,715 and the average household income was ₹ 69,397 in a year. The average annual income generation from backyard pig farming was calculated as ₹ 31,992 and average annual household income was ₹ 69,397 when family labour was not included in a year. The contribution of backyard pig farming to the total annual income was 13.99 per cent including family labour and 46.09 percent while excluding family labour. Independent variables like; age, education, family size, land holding, experience in pig rearing, size of pig stock, mass media exposure, extension agency contact, innovation proneness and risk orientation were found to have positive and significant relationship with income generation from backyard piggery farming.

Keywords : Backyard Piggery Economic Contribution Livelihood Security Tribal Families Assam

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