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Economic and Environmental Impact of Legume Fodders on Livestock Production

Kiran Mariswamy Jagadeeswary Venkayala Satyanarayan Kammardi Mutturaj Yadav Earagariyanna
Vol 7(4), 49-58

Animal husbandry is an integral component of Indian agriculture supporting livelihood of more than two-thirds of the rural population. India’s livestock sector is one of the largest in the world, which contribute 4.1% of the total national GDP and 27.25% of the agricultural GDP. In India, livestock derives major part of their energy requirement from agricultural by-products and residues. India is deficit in dry fodder by 11% and green fodder by 35%. Livestock leads to substantial climate change through the emissions of Green House Gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). Globally, livestock sector contributes 35% of methane emission. With the increase in per capita income and urbanization, the consumption of livestock products will continue to rise in the foreseeable future. Consequently, the demand for feed and fodder for fulfilling the requirement of livestock population will also increase. In this situation, legume fodders work handy as a cheap supplement and quality protein source as well to reduce enteric methane emission. In this regard educating the farmers on cultivation of legume fodder which is economically and environmentally friendly for feeding their livestock is needed.

Keywords : Economic Environment Legume Fodder and Livestock Production

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