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Effect of Probiotic, Prebiotic and Synbiotic on Hematological Parameters of Crossbred Calves

Aashaq Hussain Dar S. K. Singh Jyoti Palod Kurat-ul-Ain Nitesh Kumar B .S. Khadda Faisal Farooq
Vol 7(4), 127-136

The present study was conducted to evaluate the impact of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic on haematological parameters of cross bred calves. Twenty four crossbred calves with average age of fifteen days were divided into 4 groups of 6 calves each. The calves were assigned to different dietary treatments viz. T0- basal diet (control), T1 (probiotic group) - basal diet + Lactobacillus acidophilus @ 1 g/calf/day (2 x 1010 cfu/ g), T2 (prebiotic group)- basal diet + Mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) @ 4 g per calf/day and T3 (synbiotic group) basal diet + Lactobacillus acidophilus @ 0.5 gm (2 x 1010 cfu/ g) + 2 g MOS per calf/day respectively for a period of 90 days. Significant weight gain was observed in probiotic and synbiotic group. The results showed that there was a significant increase in leucocyte count in T1, T2, and T3 on 90th day of experiment. Haemoglobin content was significantly higher from 30 days till completion of experimental study in T1, T2 and T3 groups than control group. T1, T2 and T3 supplemented groups showed significantly higher values of Packed Cell Volume on 60th and 90th days as compared to control group. Significantly higher values of Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration were observed in T1, T2 and T3 group at 30th day than control group. The treatment groups T2 and T3 showed significant increase in lymphocyte count on 90th day than control group (T0). Neutrophil count showed no significant difference except at 90th day where T1, T2 and T3 showed significant difference from control group. It may therefore be concluded that supplementation of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic is advantageous in improving leucocyte count, haemoglobin content, and packed cell volume in crossbred calves.

Keywords : Differential leucocyte count Haemoglobin Haematological indicies Prebiotic Probiotic Synbiotic

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