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Estrous Induction and Fertility Response Using Insulin Alone and In Combination with GnRH in Anestrous Buffalos

V. K. Gupta S. N. Shukla Vishal Mudgal Bhavana Gupta Pramod Sharma
Vol 2(2), 153-158
DOI-

The poor reproductive performance of dairy herds has become a major concern, especially in buffalo herds. Decline in conception rate and increase in calving interval over the last decades have been confirmed by several studies.So keep in mind the present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of exogenous insulin alone and in combination with GnRH on estrous induction and fertility response in true anestrous buffalos. Forty buffaloes with inactive ovaries were randomly allocated into Four groups: Group-I (G1, n=10) treated with long acting bovine insulin at the dose rate of 0.25 IU/ kg bodyweight subcutaneous once daily for 5 consecutive days, Group-II (G2, n=10) treated with GnRH where each buffalo received an intramuscular injection of 20 μg of Buseralin acetate (Day 0); Group-III treated with insulin plus GnRH (G3, n=10) in which each buffalo received a subcutaneous injection of long acting bovine insulin at the dose rate of 0.25 IU/ kg bodyweight once daily for 3 consecutive days, followed by an intramuscular injection of 20 μg of Buseralin acetate on Day 4 ; and the control group (G IV, n=10) in which each buffalo given an intramuscular injection of 2.5 ml of sterile saline on Day 0. In response to the treatment induction of estrus in higher number of animals using insulin in combination of GnRH (G-3, 60%) as compared to insulin alone (G1, 50.00%) and GnRH alone (G2, 40%), however no animal induced in estrus in control group (G4, 0.0%). The onset of estrus interval (days) following start of treatment was shorter in G-2 (9.53.18), as compared to G-3 (15.5  4.61) and G-1 (250.94) respectively. The ovulation rate at induced estrus was 100% in all the treatment groups. All the animals bred at induced estrus with the 100% conception i.e. in G-1, G-2 and G-3, respectively. Thus, above studies suggested that the exogenous administration of long acting bovine insulin enhance the ovarian function and fertility response in true anestrous dairy animals so this may be used as alternative hormonal therapy for management of anoestrus dairy animals.

Keywords : Buffaloes Fertility GnRH Insulin True Anestrous

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