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Functional Anatomy of Scapula of Monkey (Macaca mulatta)

Abhinov Verma Archana Pathak Ajay Prakash M. M. Farooqui Shriprakash Singh
Vol 7(9), 69-74
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170710033354

The scapula from the skeleton of an adult monkey died of electric shock was collected from the Veterinary Clinical Complex, DUVASU, Mathura. The scapulae of monkey were irregularly triangular shape flat bone with three borders, three angles and two surfaces. The vertebral border was slanting and continued with the cranial border. The later was thin and convex in its proximal 1/3rd part and concave distally. The caudal border was thin in its initial part but became thick and grooved, distally. The scapular spine divided the lateral surface of scapula into two unequal fossae viz; supraspinous and infraspinous fossa in the ratio of 1:2. The scapular spine started from the vertebral border, ran cranioventral and became more prominent and prolonged distally to form a pointed acromion process. The acromion process was directed craniad and overhung the glenoid cavity. The subscapular fossa formed the costal surface and was marked by several muscular lines. The neck was strong and constricted. The glenoid cavity was elongated oval in shape and continued on to the tuber scapulae. The coracoid process appeared as a well developed hook like projection from the medial aspect of tuber scapulae. These specializations have been discussed in light of their functionality in the monkeys.

Keywords : Anatomy Scapula Monkey

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