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Haemato-Biochemical Alteration in Cattle and Buffalo Suffering From Gangrenous Syndrome

Jiwan Kumar R. K. Nirala P. K. Ram K. Anjana S. P. Verma
Vol 8(4), 286-295

Gangrenous syndrome represents symptoms like lameness, swelling at the coronet at the junction of skin and hooves, oedema, necrosis, gangrene and sloughing off of tissues of extremities of animals. It is otherwise known as Degnala disease and/or Gangrenous Syndrome. Clinical cases of 150 out of which 16 buffaloes and 14 cattle of all age and sex were examined and noted for the gross lesions of the disease. Samples were collected from the affected animals for biochemical and haematological tests. There were significant increase in values of total leucocytes count of the affected buffaloes (p<0.05). But a non-significant increase was observed in affected cattle (p<0.05). A significant decreased in Hb % in affected cases (P<0.05) which was highly indicative of anaemia. A non-significant change in ESR values in affected cattle (P<0.05) indicated that the vasoconstriction phenomena is less affected in cattle and thus cattle is less affected with this disease. PCV (packed cell volume) decreased both in affected buffaloes and cattle (17.77 ± 0.08, 21.60 ± 0.10respectively) which was suggestive of anaemia. A significant decrease in total erythrocyte count was noted in both cattle and buffalo which might be an indicative of severe anaemia. A significant increase was noted in aspartate amino transferase of both affected cattle and buffalos, which might be a suggestive of sever muscular and hepatic damage. Although alanine amino transferaseis less significant in cattle and buffaloes as a diagnostic purpose but a significant (p<0.05) increase was noted in present study which might be due to stress of liver and injury of muscle A significant increase in serum uric acid was noted in both cattle and buffaloes (1.54 ± 0.05 ,1.44 ± 0.08 respectively) in present study. A significant (p<0.05) increase in TSP (total serum protein) values of both affected buffaloes and cattle were observed in the present study.

Keywords : Buffalo Cattle Gangrenous syndrome Hematological and Biochemical

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