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Haematological Profile And Erythrocyte Indices In Different Breeds Of Poultry

Pandian Chinna Durai Thanga Pandiyan Thanga Maruthai Sundaresan sundar Arumugam Omprakash Arcot Venugopal
Vol 2(3), 89-92

The present study was undertaken to evaluate haematological profile viz. Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Red Blood Cell (RBC) count and erythrocyte indices viz. Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH) and Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) in different species of poultry and this could be used for clinico pathological diagnosis and further studies. The present study were carried out from 18 birds in each different species of poultry viz. Guinea fowl, Turkey, Japanese quail, Kadakanath, Nicobari, Aseel, Rhode Island Red (RIR),White Leghorn (WLH) and Geese. All these birds were reared in pens under uniform standard managemental conditions. Mean values for hemoglobin (g/dl) were differed significantly (P<0.01) between different species of poultry. In chicken, highest hemoglobin was recorded in Aseel (12.90), followed by Nicobari (12.50), Kadakanath (11.10) and least in WLH (8.80) and RIR (8.70). The mean values for PCV (%) were significantly (P<0.01) highest in Japanese quail (36.83), guinea fowl (33.16) followed by geese (32.00) and least in turkey (30.66). The mean value for RBC (X106/µl) were differed significantly (P<0.01) between different species of poultry. Mean values for MCV (fL) were significantly (P<0.01) highest in Guinea fowl (142.04) and Japanese quail (132.76) followed by WLH (128.52) and Geese (113.94) and least in Nicobari (97.04) and Kadakanath (84.81). The mean values for MCH(pg) were significantly (P<0.01) highest in Guinea fowl (50.24), Aseel (46.34), Japanese quail (44.02) and WLH (43.24) followed by Kadakanath (37.55) and Turkey (37.13) and least in RIR (34.63) and Geese (36.53). The mean value of MCHC (g/dl) were significantly (P<0.01) highest in kadakanath (45.58) followed by Nicobari (44.61) and RIR (35.26) and Guinea fowl (35.10) and least in Turkey (32.81) and Geese (32.13). Variation in these results may be due to difference in breeds, hormonal and other nutritional aspects. It is concluded that significant differences in haematological profile and erythrocyte indices among different species of poultry could be considered as a references values and this may serve as a guide to asses the state of health in the monitored birds.

Keywords : Haematological profile Erythrocyte indices Poultry

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