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Hip Dysplasia in Canines-An Overview

Shahana Tramboo Asif Iqbal Najimaana Wani
Vol 2(2), 21-29

Just like Humans, dogs can suffer from a wide range of different skeletal and muscular disorders, from mild ones that produces no or very insignificant symptoms to severe problems that require extensive treatment. Some skeletal and muscular disorders can be lethal, especially when left untreated. Skeletal development in the dog results from an interaction of genetic, environmental, and nutritional factors. The genetic component can be influenced when the populations are well controlled, accurate breeding records are kept, and a desire to improve the breed exists. Environmental factors such as housing and activity level are under the owner's influence. Nutrition is one of the single most important factors affecting development of the musculoskeletal system, and energy, protein, and calcium are some of the more critical nutritional components affecting skeletal development. When given in excess, they can be detrimental to normal skeletal growth. The vast majority of developmental skeletal disorders diagnosed in veterinary practice occurs in large and giant breeds and are associated with excess intake of a commercial diet and/or supplementation. The most prevalent developmental orthopedic disorder is hip dysplasia.

Keywords : Canine hip dysplasia and overnutrition

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