Influence of Moringa oleifera Seed Meal on Haematological and Serum Chemistry of Broiler Chicken
Abdulkarim A. Sani U. M. Umaru U.A. Oladapo O. O. Madiyi A. B. Hamman H. U.
Vol 8(4), 38-44
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Moringa oleifera seed meal (MOSM) on haematological and serum biochemical indices of broiler chickens. A total of 150 Hubbard broiler chickens aged 28 days were weighed and randomly assigned to five dietary treatments in a completely randomized design with three replicates of 10 birds each. The birds were fed on fairly isocaloric and isonitrogenous diets of varying levels of Moringa oleifera seed meal for 28 days. The dietary levels were T1 (0% - control), T2 (0.01%), T3 (0.02%), T4 (0.03%), and T5 (0.04%). The haematological profile in birds fed diet containing 0.02% and 0.03% MOSM showed significantly higher (P˂0.05) MCHC while MVC and WBC of all the bird fed the test diet are within the normal range. However, RBC significantly (P˂0.05) decreased with increased on the level of MOSM across the treatments. Serum chemistry show significant (P˂0.05) across the treatments for total bilirubin, phosphate, chloride, total cholesterol, urea and creatinine. Bird fed 0.03% of test diet showed a significantly (P˂0.05) low total serum cholesterol as compare to control diet and other treatments as well. This may be due to the ability of Moringa oleifera in reduction of low density lipoproteins which is instrumental to cholesterol reduction. Although there is significant (P<0.05) difference for urea across the treatments but all are within the optimal level for proper function of the kidney. The present study concluded inclusion of MOSM up to 0.03% level into broiler diets had no adverse effects on the haematological and serum chemistry of broiler chickens.
Keywords : Broilers Haematology Moringa oleifera Seed Meal Serum Chemistry
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