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Macro and Micro Mineral Deficiency in Goats in Arid Zone of Rajasthan

Deepika Goklaney Anil Ahuja R. K. Dhuria
Vol 9(7), 227-234

A study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of macro and micro-mineral deficiency in goats in and around Bikaner region. For this purpose, 350 blood samples belonging to different physiological stages of goats were collected at random from various locations, following standard sampling procedure. Blood samples were analyzed for determination of haemoglobin, packed cell volume, total erythrocyte count, total leukocyte count and differential leukocyte count as per method of Jain (1986). Biochemical analysis of serum samples was done to estimate total serum protein, albumin, blood glucose, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine by the IDEXX VetTest Chemistry Analyzer using test kits supplied by IDEXX Laboratories, as per the manufacturers subscribed procedure. Serum globulin was estimated in g/dl as a difference between total protein and albumin. Albumin and Globulin ratio (A:G) was derived after dividing concentration of Albumin by concentration of Globulin in g/dl. Urea was calculated by multiplying blood urea nitrogen (mg/dl) values with factor 2.14. All the samples were processed and analyzed for macro and micro minerals using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer (Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc, iCAP 7000 Series). The results revealed adequate sodium, potassium, cobalt and manganese in goats of Bikaner region, irrespective of physiological stages. The overall prevalence of serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, iron and zinc deficiency in goats was 22.85, 14.85, 8.28, 37.14, 4.85 and 28.57 per cent, respectively. Wide spread deficiency of copper followed by zinc, calcium and phosphorus and marginal deficiency of magnesium and iron were observed in goats of Bikaner region. From the study, it was apparent that the mineral requirements of goats are not being met by the forages and therefore, it is necessary to supplement these mineral efficiently through region specific mineral supplements in the ration of goats for improving health and productivity.

Keywords : Goat Macro Micro Minerals Serum Prevalence

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