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Prevalence of Bovine Tuberculosis in Slaughtered Cattle Based on Post-Mortem Meat Inspection and Zeihl-Neelson Stain in Borno State, Nigeria

Abubakar U. B. Danbirni S. Ibrahim S. Abdulkadir I. A. Kwaga J. P.
Vol 8(8), 67-74
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20180426035723

Tuberculosis is one of the most important infectious diseases of cattle in Nigeria and Africa. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of tuberculosis, based on post-mortem meat inspection and Zeihl-Neelson Stain in slaughtered cattle. A total of 2207 cattle, consisting 1004 males and 1203 females were examined for gross TB lesions. The overall positives out of 2207 cattle examined were 212 with a prevalence of (9.6%, 95%CI = 6.7-13.8). Based on sex 97(9.7%, 95%CI = 8.2-12.7) males were positives while 115(9.5%, 95%CI = 8.1-12.9) females were positives. The chi-squire (x2) test of significance based on sex shows the difference was not statistically significant at (P<0.05). This study found that breed and age of cattle examined were statistically associated with prevalence of bovine tuberculosis lesions in slaughtered cattle (P<0.05). In conclusion, this study highlight the importance of bovine tuberculosis and it public health implications in cattle in the study area in particular. Measures for control are also suggested.

Keywords : Borno State Meat Inspection Nigeria Prevalence Tuberculosis in Cattle

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