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Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Brucellosis in Camels Kept Under Pastoral Management in Fafen Zone, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia

Solomon Tesfaye Esubalew Yonas Robayo
Vol 7(3), 49-56
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20161118073604

A cross-sectional study of brucellosis was conducted on 261 camels from November 2013 to May 2014 to estimate the seroprevalence and to assess potential risk factors in Fafen zone, Somali regional state, Ethiopia. The study animals were selected using systematic random sampling method. Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and Complement Fixation Test (CFT) were used as screening tests to detect the presence of Brucella antibodies and to confirm those reactors by RBPT, respectively. Collected data, by all procedures (RBPT and CFT), was carefully entered on to Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and imported to SPSS ver. 20. In the present study, the overall seroprevalence of Brucella in camels in Fafen zone was 1.53%. This level of seroprevalence is enough to be a potential hazard for public health in the study area; therefore, the public especially camel owners and camel milk consumers should be aware of camels as source of brucellosis.

Keywords : Camel Brucellosis Seroprevalence Fafen Zone Risk Factors Complement Fixation Test (CFT) Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT)

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