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Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Buffaloes by Indirect Enzyme Linked Immune-sorbent Assay in Punjab, India

Malik RaiesUl Islam Gursimran Filia Mohinder Pratap Gupta
Vol 8(6), 244-250
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170915054130

The present cross sectional study was conducted to study the current status and epidemiology of brucellosis in organized Murrah buffaloes. A total of 628 animals were screened for antibodies against brucellosis using Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbet assay. An overall sero-prevalence of 15.12% (95/628) of brucellosis was observed in the present study. Statistically significant (p < 0.01) differences in susceptibility to brucellosis were observed with respect to sex (male 4%, 1/25 and female 15.58%, 94/603) and age. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher disease prevalence was observed in animals with a history of abortion than in those without such histories. A higher prevalence of brucellosis was recorded in the present study, which poses serious public and animal health threat. Therefore, a monitoring system needs to be in place to study the disease dynamics, so that the prevalence of the disease is brought down to an economically and biologically justifiable level.

Keywords : Brucellosis Sero-prevalence Buffaloes

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