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Comparison of the Effect of Different Shade Materials on the Physiological and Biochemical Variables in Buffalo Calves during Rainy Season

Ravi Shankar Deo Barman Manikant Chaudhary Anjay Prasad Dilip Kumar Jha Ravi Ranjan Kumar Sinha Rishikesh Kumar Verma
Vol 7(7), 51-61

The present study was carried out during rainy season for a period of 120 days to see the effect of different shade materials on the performance of twenty four buffalo calf. Twenty four buffalo calves after colostrum feeding were selected for study and divided into 4 groups (6 calves in each group). The different groups of calves were studied under different roof materials as followed: Asbestos roof (T1), Pre painted CGI sheet roof (T2), Thatch with polythene shading roof (T3): Galvanized iron sheet roof (T4). The respiration rate (per minute) at 9:00 AM was 23.88±0.29, 23.88±0.29, 22.33±0.13 and 23.90±0.28, whereas at 2:00 PM was 49.25±0.35, 49.80±0.20, 32.71±0.02 and 49.25±0.35 for T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The results revealed that the respiration rate of buffalo calves at 2:00PM was significantly (P<0.05) higher than respiration rate at 9:00 AM in all the shade materials throughout the experiment. The overall rectal temperature during the course of experiment at 9:00 AM was 39.53±0.05, 39.75±0.06 and 39.15±0.08oC, whereas at 2:00 PM was 39.64±0.06, 39.71±0.06, 39.95±0.06 and 39.64±0.08 0C for T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The results revealed that the overall rectal temperature of calves at 2:00PM was significantly (P<0.05) higher than rectal temperature at 9:00AM in T1 and T3. The overall haemoglobin, of calves was 9.49±0.39, 9.12±0.37, 9.98±0.44 and 8.98±0.42 g/dl for T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The T3 grouped calves had significantly (P<0.05) more haemoglobin as compared to T1, T2 and T4.

Keywords : Biochemical Physiological Rainy Season Different Shade Materials and Buffalo Calves

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