Backyard poultry plays an important role in the livelihood of rural families in developing countries. This paper was based on a study conducted in 6 districts from different areas in Yemen to present an overview of different managerial practices in those areas for backyard poultry. This study focused mainly on the characterization of the flock size, housing system, feeding, and constraints in rearing of poultry. Data was collected through personal interviews from the respondents using a simple questionnaire. The results shown the existence of few birds in the study area with an average flock size of 4-12 birds per household. The survey indicated that among poultry species surveyed, local poultry predominated in all households (79.1%), followed by hybrid (hybrid or crossbred) (18.9%) and commercial birds (2.4%). About 66.2% households were space rearing the poultry for their own consumption and 33.8% as source of supplementary income. Most of respondents keeping their birds in their house or in shed of animals during the night only. Dail feed consumption was low in birds as scavenging was the only feed source for most of them (62%). Most of the respondents (45%) indicated that the disease was the major constraint in rearing of the backyard poultry in the rural areas. Therefore, efforts should be geared up towards the improvement of health and management practices to improve rural backyard chicken production.