The total livestock population on the islands was 1.8 lakh including crossbred. The total milk production was more than 25 lakh liters in year 2013-14 and per capita availability at Island level was 185 ml/day. The average per day yield was about 1.5 liters for cows and 1.5-2.0 liters for buffaloes. The per capita meat availability was one about one kg/annum, and eggs 168 number per annum. The majority of livestock and poultry farmers have stated livestock is an integral part of their livelihood. The total poultry population increased from 0.80to 1.11 million from 1997 to 2013.The major challenges in maintaining livestock and poultry population were low productivity, deficit in fodder, feeds and basic infrastructures, geographic isolation and climatic risks. However, there is potential of introduction of improved livestock, pig and poultry species including fodders. However, climatic and socio-economic constraints are hindrance. The adequate scientific interventions and need based extension programme can weed out these challenges.