Surgical Intervention of Non-cerebral Coenurosis in Sheep- Case Study


  • Jalajakshi Kopparthi Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupathi INDIA
  • Chandra Kala M. Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
  • Malakondaiah P Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University
  • Deepti Swapnalatha W Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University


Sheep, non- cerebral coenurosis, cystic fluid analysis


This study reports a rare case of non-cerebral coenurosis in sheep. A sheep with bilateral mandibular swelling presented with a history of weakness, dullness in appearance, pain, unable to chew grass for the past seven days. The visual examination and palpation revealed the presence of a coenurus cerebralis cyst. Both the cysts were removed with a surgical intervention using local anesthesia and the cystic fluid was subjected to analysis. The sheep regained their body weight and recovered completely within two months period. This approach of surgical intervention-involved treatment coupled with antibiotic therapy was proven to be an efficient way of managing non-cerebral coenurosis cases. The removed cyst was identified as a non-cerebral coenurus cyst based on the characteristic morphological features, such as the presence of the bladder filled with watery fluid surrounded by a thin, fibrous, and semi-opaque transparent membrane with numerous scolices attached to its inner surface. The cystic fluid analysis revealed the presence of total proteins, lymphocytes, and monocytes with a range of total nucleated cells from 87 to 166 and a foamy cytoplasmic appearance.


Ahn, S., Oh, H., Choi, S.Y., Kim, J.T., Kim, H.C. (2021). Cerebral Coenurosis of a Long-Tailed Goral, Naemorhedus caudatus, in Korea. Korean Journal of Parasitology, 59, 55-59. doi: 10.3347/kjp.2021.59.1.55.

Benkovskij, V. (1899). Taenia coenurus u ovec. VestnikobshcestvennojVeterinarii 12, 549.

Boev, S.N., Sokolova, L.B. and Tazieva, Z.K. (1964). Specificity of species causing cysticercosis in ruminants. pp.7-20 in Boev, S.N.(Ed). Parasites of farm animals in Kazakhstan, III. Alma-Ata, IzdatelStvoAkademiyaNaukKazakhskoi SSSR (in Russian).

Christodoulopoulos, G., Dinkel, A., Romig, T., Ebi, D., Mackenstedt, U. and Loos-Frank, B. (2016). Parasitology Research, 115, 4543-4558. Doi: 10.1007/800436-016-5246-4

Christodoulopoulos, G., Kassah, A. and Theodoropoulos, G. (2015). Characteristics of non-cerebral coenurosis in tropical goats. Veterinary Parasitology, 211, 216-222.

Gazioglu, A., Simsek, S., Kizil, O., Ceribasi, A.O., Kesik, H.K. and Ahmed, H. (2017). Clinical, Pathological and muscular evaluations and CT scan screening of Coenurosis (Coenurus cerebralis) in sheep and calves. RevistaBrasileiria de ParasitologiaVeternaria, 26, 3-9.

Karthik, D., Suresh, J., Reddy, Y.R., Sharma, G.R.K., Ramana, J.V., Gangaraju, G., Reddy, Y.P.K., Yasaswini, D., Adegbeye, M.J. and Reddy, P.R.K. (2021a). Farming systems in sheep rearing: Impact on growth and reproductive performance, nutrient digestibility, disease incidence and heat stress indices. PLoS ONE 16, e0244922.

Karthik, D., Suresh, J., Reddy, Y.R., Sharma, G.R.K., Ramana, J.V., Gangaraju, G., Reddy, P.P.R., Reddy, Y.P.K., Yasaswini, D., Adegbeye, M.J., Reddy, P.R.K. (2021b). Adaptive profiles of Nellore sheep with reference to farming system and season: physiological, hemato-biochemical, hormonal, oxidative-enzymatic and reproductive standpoint. Heliyon, 26, e07117. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07117.

Kish, F.G., Khodakaram-Tafti, A., Hajimohammadi, A. and Ahmadi, N. (2015). Clinical and morphopathological characteristics of an enzootic occurrence of acute coenurosis (Coenurus cerebralis) in a sheep herd. Journal of Parasitic Diseases 39, 280-283. doi: 10.1007/s12639-013-0344-z.

Loos-Frank, B. (2000). An update of verster’s ‘taxonomic revision of the genus Taenia linnaeus’ (cestoda) in table format. Systematic Parasitology, 45, 155-183.

Naveen, M. and Anjaneya, S.N. (2015). "Surgical management of subcutaneous coenurosis in a goat." IntasPolivet, 16, 121.

Oryan, A., Akbari, M., Moazeni, M. and Amrabadi, O.R. (2014). Cerebral and non-cerebral cenurosis in small ruminants. Tropical Biomedicine, 31, 1-16.

Schuster, R.K., Sivakumar, S. and Wieckowsky, T. (2010). Non-cerebral coenurosis in goats. Parasitology Research, 107, 721-728.

Shivaprakash, B.V. and Reddy, T.P.M. (2009). An outbreak of multiple subcutaneous coenurus cysts in goats. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 23, 199-200.

Soulsby, E.J.L. (1982). Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Demesticated Animals. 7th Edition. BailliersTindall and Cassel, London. pp. 117-119.

Varcasia, A., Pipia, A.P., Arru, D., Pes, A.M., Tamponi, C., Dore, F., Garippa, G., and Scala, A. (2013). Morphological and molecular characterization of bovine coenurosis in Sardinia, Italy. Parasitology Research, 112, 2079-2082.

Varcasia, A., Tamponi, C., Ahmed, F., Cappai, M.G., Porcu, F., Mehmood, N., Dessi, G. and Scala, A. (2022). Taenia multicepscoenurosis: a review. Parasites and Vectors, 15, 84.

Venkatesan, M., Saravanan, M., Selvaraj, P., Yogeshpriya, S., Jayalakshmi, K. and Veeraselura,M. (2018). Non-cerebral coenurosis in goats-a case study. Journal of Animal Health and Production 6, 47-50.

Yasaswini, D., Kumari, K.N., Shobhamani, B., Prameela, D.R., Reddy, B.S. and Reddy, P.R.K. (2021). Clinical, haemato-biochemical, and ultrasonographic findings of abomasal impaction and abomasal ulcers in buffaloes. Tropical Animal Health and Production 53, 543.

Yasaswini, D., Kumari, K.N., Shobhamani, B. Prameela, D.R., Reddy, B.S., Reddy, K.P. and Reddy, P.R.K. (2022).Abomasal impaction in buffaloes: Risk factors, clinical indicators, necropsy findings, and histology studies. Veterinary Research Communications.

Zobba, R., Manunta, M.L., Evangelisti, M.A., Alberti, A., Visco, S., Dimauro, C., Pinna Parpaglia, M. (2014). Cisternal cerebrospinal fluid analysis in 24 sheep with chronic coenurosis. VeterinariaItaliana 50, 57-63.




How to Cite

Kopparthi, J., M., C. K., P, M., & W, D. S. (2022). Surgical Intervention of Non-cerebral Coenurosis in Sheep- Case Study. International Journal of Livestock Research, 12(11), 28–33. Retrieved from

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.