Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management of Canine Babesiosis in India

Authors

  • Aditya Kumar PhD Scholar, Veterinary Medicine, Govind Ballabh Pant University of of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand INDIA
  • Afroz PhD Scholar, Veterinary Medicine, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh -250110, INDIA
  • Amit Verma Associate Professor, Veterinary Medicine, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh -250110, INDIA
  • Arbind Singh Assistant Professor, Veterinary Medicine, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh -250110, INDIA
  • M. V. Jithin Assistant Professor, Veterinary Medicine, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh -250110, INDIA
  • Vinod Kumar Varun SVPUAT, Meerut
  • Desh Deepak Assistant Professor, Veterinary Medicine, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh -250110, INDIA
  • Ayush Pal SVPUAT, Meerut
  • Tarun Kumar Sarkar Professor & Head, Veterinary Medicine, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh -250110, INDIA

Keywords:

B. gibsoni, Biochemistry, Canine, doxycycline, haematology, Imidocarb

Abstract

Canine babesiosis is a clinically important disease of dogs and wild canids representing a significant veterinary issue globally, caused by large Babesia canis and the small Babesia gibsoni and transmitted through ticks. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and therapeutic management of babesiosis in a native breed dog with a history of tick infestation. A female native breed dog aged 10 months old was presented to Veterinary Clinical Complex with a history of tick infestation, inappetence, irritated behaviour, vomiting, emaciated, lethargy and brown urination for 5 days. Dog was under treatment at local dispensaries with antibiotics from the past 5 days with no recovery. Clinical examination of the dog revealed pyrexia (105oF), increased pulse rate, pale mucus membrane, lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. The blood sample was collected in EDTA vial and clot activator vacutainers for laboratory examination. Giemsa stained thin blood smear examination revealed the presence of piroplasmic organisms (B. gibsoni) in the erythrocytes. Haemotology revealed leucocytosis (10600/cumm) with neutrophilia (7049/cumm) and anaemia (haemoglobin 7.8 g/dl) and in serum biochemistry the increased level of ALP, ALT and AST was noticed. Initially the primary treatment was given with inj. Meloxicam @ 0.5 mg/kg body weight and inj. Nurobion forte @ 2 ml on the first day of presentation, thereafter the confirmatory diagnosis of the disease inj. imidocarb @ 6.6 mg/kg body weight was given at 2 weeks interval along with fluid and supportive therapy. There was no adverse reaction and the dog showed clinical and haematological improvement from 3rd day of treatment onwards, recovered completely after 20 days and no parasite was detected in thin blood smear examination.

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Published

31-07-2023

How to Cite

Kumar, A., Afroz, Verma, A., Singh, A., Jithin, M. V., Varun, V. K., … Sarkar, T. K. (2023). Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management of Canine Babesiosis in India. International Journal of Livestock Research, 13(7), 41–45. Retrieved from http://ijlr.org/ojs_journal/index.php/ijlr/article/view/234

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