Epizootic Lymphangitis: A major fungal disease of equines


  • Tesfaye Rebuma Ambo University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Guder Mamo Mezemir Campus, Veterinary Teaching Clinic, Ambo, Oromia, Ethiopia
  • Firaol Tariku Nono Woreda Agricultural Office, West Shewa Zone, Silk-Amba, Ambo, Oromia, Ethiopia.
  • Motuma Regassa Toke Kutaye Woreda Agricultural Office, West Shewa Zone, Guder, Ambo, Oromia, Ethiopia.
  • Fituma Bulo Nono Woreda Agricultural Office, West Shewa Zone, Silk-Amba, Ambo, Oromia, Ethiopia.
  • Mulugeta Teshoma Nono Woreda Agricultural office, Silk-Amba, West Shewa, Ambo, Oromia, Ethiopia


Control, Epizootic Lymphangitis, Equines, Prevention


Epizootic lymphangitis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum variety Farciminosum is a debilitating disease that incurs considerable economic losses and affects the welfare of carthorses. The mode of transmission of epizootic lymphangitis includes transmission by direct or indirect contact of Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum with traumatized skin, by biting flies, by ticks, or by inhalation of fungus. Horse epizootic lymphangitis disease manifests in three different forms: cutaneous, ophthalmic, and respiratory. The most prevalent type is cutaneous, resulting in lymphangitis and chronic, suppurative, ulcerating pyogranulomatous dermatitis. Epizootic lymphangitis is diagnosed based on clinical findings, animal history, and laboratory confirmation. In contrast, illness control requires culling diseased horses, the adoption of hygiene measures (e.g., washing and disinfection), and pest control. Treatment of epizootic lymphangitis is necessary to prevent the infection from spreading. Vaccination and proper wound care with iodine, sodium iodide intravenous injection, and amphotericin B injections should be used to control this disease. As a result, the current mini-review outlines epizootic lymphangitis as a significant horse illness, with a strong focus on disease prevention and control.


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How to Cite

Rebuma, T., Tariku, F., Regassa, M., Bulo, F., & Teshoma, M. (2024). Epizootic Lymphangitis: A major fungal disease of equines. International Journal of Livestock Research, 14(4). Retrieved from http://ijlr.org/ojs_journal/index.php/ijlr/article/view/317

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