Impact of Front-Line Demonstration on Pig Farming and Farmers’Adoption Level in Three Districts of Arunachal Pradesh, India
M. S. Baruah C. S. Raghav H. Kalita
Vol 11(6), 56-64
Impact of Front-Line Demonstration on Pig Farming and Farmers’ Adoption Level in Three Districts of Arunachal Pradesh, India” was studied w.e.f. August, 2018 to July, 2020, and compared with traditional pig farming (Farmers Practice i.e., FP). Study revealed 57.60 percent farmers had primary level education with medium size (47.50%) families having sources of income from agriculture, livestock and off farm activities (30.00%). Earlier, farmers had poor pig farm hygienic condition (65.00%), while under FLD (61.67%) farmers-maintained hygiene and sanitation. The age at puberty, first conception, first farrowing were lower (P<0.05) in FP (7.02±0.30, 8.34±1.34, 12.47±1.14 months) than in FLD (9.72±0.25, 11.56±0.52 and 15.20±0.27 months). Inter- farrowing interval recorded higher side (p<0.05) in FP (7.82±17 months) than in FLD (6.93±89 months). Higher (P<0.05) litter size at birth and at weaning were recorded in FLD pigs (9.85±0.14 and 8.06±0.42) over FP (6.24±0.23 and 4.12±0.30). Higher pre weaning mortality rate (2.12±0.12%) under FP over FLD (1.79±0.17%) was also recorded. Factors, namely knowledge improvement, spreading of knowledge among the farmers, livelihood improvement, social and financial security, confidence in scientific pig farming, risk taking ability, participation in group activities, information utilization ability and overall satisfaction were highly significant (as œ =0.000<0.05) indicating FLD had a great impact. Higher value of (p<0.0001) Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) in FLD (2.39:1) also recorded than in FP (1.54:1). Under FLD, farmers get 142.89±7.68 day’s food security, whereas it is 51.29±0.8 days under FP.
Keywords : Front Line Demonstration
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