An Empirical Assessment of Constraints in Dairy Farming

Authors

  • Prahlad Bhat Research Scholar, Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, KSNUAHS, Shivamogga, INDIA
  • S. Sahana Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, KSNUAHS, Shivamogga
  • M. Sudheendra Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, KSNUAHS, Shivamogga
  • Basavaraj I. Halingali Professor and Head, Department of Agricultural Statistics, College of Agriculture, KSNUAHS, Shivamogga
  • B. Chinnappa Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, KSNUAHS, Shivamogga

Keywords:

Artificial Insemination, Constraints, Dairy Farming, Government

Abstract

The present study was conducted to know the constraints faced by farmers in dairy activities. Dairy farming is a family enterprise that involves both genders. Thirteen independent constraints were taken for the study based on personal interview techniques using a schedule. Later, they were categorized into six broad constraints viz., Marketing, Financial, Technical, Physical, Institutional, and Personal constraints. Friedman rank test was performed to validate whether sample dairy farmers differ in their opinion about six broad constraints in dairy farming. The test was found statistically significant with a chi-square statistic of 186.57 at a five percent level of significance and five degrees of freedom. The significance indicates that sample farmers do differ in their opinion about constraints. Marketing constraints appeared as the most severe with the highest Mean Rank Value Score of 5.21 while Personal constraints were the least severe with a score of 1.79. Further identified 13 constraints were ranked considering the means score assigned by sample dairy farmers.  Non-availability of quality semen ranked first and was considered as most severe. The effectiveness of artificial insemination depends on the quality of semen used. The success of dairy farming depends on regularity in parturition. The low price of milk appeared as the second major constraint due to the failure of milk price to keep the pace of the rise in input prices having a negative bearing on production costs. Delay in payment of price incentives appeared as the third major constraint due to the institutional rigidities, and deficit budget. The study concluded that timely availability of quality semen should be made available in the veterinary hospitals located in the vicinity. Incentive prices paid by the government should cover rising input prices to retain the status quo position of farmers.

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Published

31-12-2023

How to Cite

Bhat, P., Sahana, S., Sudheendra, M., Halingali, B. I., & Chinnappa, B. (2023). An Empirical Assessment of Constraints in Dairy Farming. International Journal of Livestock Research, 13(12), 1–5. Retrieved from https://ijlr.org/ojs_journal/index.php/ijlr/article/view/210

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