Constraints Perceived by Dairy Farmers in the Adoption of Improved Animal Husbandry Practices in Doda District
Sheikh Umair Minhaj Shafkat Ahmad Khandi Rayees Ahmed Bafanda Bharat Bhushan Farzana Choudhary Adil Masood Khateeb
Vol 9(2), 319-326
India possesses great potential in animal husbandry sector. The development of livestock sector is often considered as ‘pro-poor’. The productivity enhancement can be made by adoption of animal husbandry practices and also by providing the systemic approach to generate empirical data on various socio-economic factors and constraints associated with the adoption of scientific animal husbandry techniques. Adoption of any animal husbandry technique involves a process in which awareness is created, attitude is changed and favorable conditions for adoption are provided. The present study was conducted in Doda district of Jammu and Kashmir state to study the constraints perceived by the farmers regarding the adoption of improved animal husbandry practices. Four blocks were randomly selected using simple lottery method. The selected blocks were Kastigarh, Bhagwah, Marmat and Ghat. After preparing a comprehensive list of villages of the selected blocks, two villages were selected randomly from each of the four selected blocks. Thereafter, fifteen respondents were selected randomly from each village. Thus a total 120 respondents were selected in all as the sample. Data was collected through well structured, personal interview from the respondents either at their farm or home after proper testing of schedule and using appropriate scales. Data were coded, classified, tabulated and analyzed using the software. The presentation of data was done to give pertinent, valid and reliable answer to the specific objectives. Frequencies, percentage, mean, standard deviation and mean percent score (MPS) were worked out for meaningful interpretation. In general constraints in improved scientific animal husbandry for management practices was lack of finance for animal husbandry management practices perceived as most serious constraint followed by high cost of raw material for dairy animal shed and inadequate housing. Lack of proper knowledge of milk production economics was perceived as least serious constraint. In case of feeding practices high cost of feed supplements or mineral mixture was perceived as the most serious constraint followed by high cost of dry fodder and non-availability of pastureland.. Where as in case of recommended breeding practices the repeat breeding problem in dairy animals was perceived as most serious followed by poor conception rate of A.I. and lack of availability of breeding stock . Inadequate knowledge to detect heat signs in dairy animals was perceived as least serious by the respondents. In case of health care practices high cost of treatment was perceived as most serious constraint by the respondents. This was followed by distant location of veterinary hospital as a serious constraint. On the other hand, lack of awareness about the facilities and services provided by the govt. were perceived as least serious by the respondents.
Keywords : Adoption Constraint Health Care Improved Animal Husbandry Practices Management
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