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Investigation on Relation between Factors Affecting Occurrence and Outcome of Repair of Long Bone Fractures in 216 Dogs

Nitish Kallianpur Kiranjeet Singh Aswathy Gopinathan Sherin B. Sarangom Christina John Chelladuraai Sowbharenya Pallvi Sharma
Vol 8(2), 225-234
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170823024229

A study was conducted in 216 dogs from June 2015 to May 2016 to investigate the factors affecting the occurrence of long bone fractures, the possible relations between these factors and how they affected the outcome. Considerable variations were observed among cases with respect to factors like age, sex, breed, etiology, season, side affected, time lapse, bone affected, nature, position and orientation of fracture, mode of repair, and the outcome of treatment. Significant associations were observed between age group and affected bone, age group and bone cortical density, age group and type of fracture, age group and nature of fracture, bone affected and treatment chosen and nature of fracture and type of fixation. Minor and major complication rate were 9.7% and 12% respectively. Significant relation was noticed between age group and outcome of repair, season and type of complication and nature of fracture and rate of complication. Both the type and rate of complication was significantly related with bone affected and type of fixation. The findings were statistically significant at P<0.05.

Keywords : Complication Fracture Occurrence Outcome

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