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Feeding Management Practices Adopted By Goat Farmers in South West Punjab and Their Constraints

Sunpreet Singh Sandhu D. S. Malik Sandeep Kaswan Jaswinder Singh Yashpal
Vol 8(5), 271-279
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170828080418

Present investigation was carried out to study feeding management practices adopted by goat farmers in South-West Punjab (Bathinda, Moga and Ferozepur districts). Information was collected through personal interview (multistage stratified sampling procedure) from 90 goat farmers (30 from each district). Majority of the goat keepers fed their animals on common property resources (85.56%) followed by cultivated fodder (13.33%) and purchased fodder (1.11%). Large chunk of goat farmers depends only on grazing (77.78%) for feeding their animals followed by grazing-cum-stall feeding (14.44%) and stall-feeding (zero grazing) alone (7.78%). However, in Bathinda significantly (p<0.05) larger number of goat farmers are cultivating fodder (26.67%) and practicing only stall-feeding (20.00%). Small fraction of goat farmers (33.33%) offer grain/concentrate and majority (74.07%) of them offer residual grains occasionally. Majority of the goat farmers (64.44%) don’t follow the practice of conserving fodder while in Bathinda district (56.67%) significantly (p<0.01) higher number of farmers conserved fodder. Majority of the goat farmers found inadequate feeding of concentrate (80.00%), ignorance about balanced feeding (86.67%), non availability of mineral mixture (85.56%), non availability of cultivated fodder (85.56%), lack of initiative on the farmers part to arrange fodder crops due to small landholdings/no landholding (81.11%) and non-availability of hay (80.00%) as main constraints. As goat farmers had overall lower (34.44%) adoption of scientific feeding practices it is concluded that interventions of professionals are required to provide trainings and form societies/self-help groups to promote improved feeding practices especially balanced feeding and fodder conservation.

Keywords : Adoption Conservation Constraints Feeding Management Goat

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