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Risk Factor Assessment for Prevalence of Coccidiosis in Domestic Pigs (Sus Scrofa Domesticus) from Punjab, India

Devina Sharma N. K. Singh Harkirat Singh M. S. Bal S. S. Rath
Vol 9(6), 90-98
DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20190315042039

The copro-prevalence and assessment of risk factors for coccidiosis in pigs was studied from 36 organised and backyard farms representing 5 agro-climatic zones of Punjab. An overall prevalence of 9.41% was recorded with maximum prevalence in western plain zone (22.6%). Of the farms screened, 63.88% (23/36) were found positive for coccidiosis with mixed infections of two or more species of Eimeria having oocysts per gram ranging from 200-62000. Significantly (P<0.05) higher infection was recorded in winter and rainy season. Further, piglets and growers were at a higher risk as compared to adults. Eight species of Eimeria were recorded viz. E. polita, E. spinosa, E. scabra, E. perminuta, E. suis, E. debliecki, E. neodebliecki and E. porci. Morpho-micrometric parameters were recorded for phenotypic characterisation of Eimeria.

Keywords : Coccidiosis Eimeria Pigs Prevalence Punjab Risk factors

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