Farmers Field School: An Innovative Approach in Technology Transfer and Skill Development of Livestock Owners
C. M. Yadav K. C. Naagar R. K. Sharma H. L. Bugalia B. G. Chhipa
The use of FFS extension approach will make the farmer to be the sense of belonging and ownershipetral to agricultural research and dissemination of livestock production technologies. This approach not only assist in problem solving, but also help in making research more relevant to the needs of the farmers and other users. To summarize, the FFS model is an important institutional and organizational innovation that needs to be studied in depth in different agro-ecological zones, different institutional arrangements and over time. Farmer Field School as a model is the most appropriate methodology for validation and dissemination of agricultural technologies which can lead to people-oriented and sustainable agriculture in developing nations. Farmers’ field school (FFS) is a season long training programme to impart training to the farmers generally for three months or till the results achieved. FFSs on livestock farming in Bhilwara district under ATMA was conducted with the objective of diffuse field-oriented technologies that result successful and profitable farming. 03 Farmer Field Schools on dairy farming, sheep & goat farming, poultry farming, fodder cultivation, value addition in milk and Azolla production techniques were selected, one schools on need basis in each block was conducted and totally 03 programmes in three blocks were conducted in one year (2013 – 14). In each block, the Selection of 20 interested farmers and totally 20 farmers / block were selected based on the livestock species owned and the scope for processing and marketing. So, in total for three blocks 60 farmers and farm women were selected to conduct 03 Farmers Field School. Pre evaluation of trainees was conducted by preliminary survey, dung, urine and water samples analysis. To overcome the major constraints viz., disease outbreak, disorders in livestock and poultry, low milk yield/body weight, high cost of feed and fodder, delayed calving interval and kid mortality ranked by the farmers, suitable package of practices were imparted to the trainees at their field and the results are indicated that the overall adoption behaviour of the farmers showed that majority of them were partial adopters (65.38%) followed by high adopters (21.28%) and low adopters (13.34%). It is proved that it improves the sense of ownership of technological packages and new knowledge and skills. The FFS approach is a direct response to the needs of the farmers.
Keywords : Adoption Bhilwara FFS Livestock Farming
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