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Effect of Non- Urea and Urea-Based Concentrate Supplements on Haematology and Blood Biochemical Parameters in Kids

N. Kurechiya M. K. Mehta R. K. Jain K. Rawat S. S. Mahour
Vol 11(1), 157-161

Eighteen male kids (9.5 ± 0.24 kg BW) were divided into three equal groups viz. T1, T2 and T3 to study the effects of supplementation of concentrate mixture with and without urea on haematology and blood biochemical profile. The kids under all three groups were allowed 6-7 h of grazing daily. Additionally, besides grazing Group T1 was un-supplemented (control), Group T2 was supplemented with a non-urea-based concentrate mixture and group T3 was supplemented with a urea-based concentrate mixture. Both concentrate mixtures were isonitrogenous and isocaloric. At the end of 90 days experimental feeding haemato-biochemical traits were estimated. The hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV) and total erythrocyte count (TEC) were significantly (P< 0.01) higher in both the concentrate fed groups (T2 and T3) than sole grazing group (T1). However, the Mean corpuscles volume (MCV), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH & MCHC) total leukocyte count (TLC) and different leukocyte count (DLC) have not differed significantly irrespective of dietary treatments. Blood glucose and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were significantly (P<0.01) higher in T2 and T3 compared to T1 however, no differences were observed in serum levels of total protein (TP), albumin (A), globulin (G), A: G ratio, triglyceride and cholesterol. In conclusion, concentrate supplementation in local browsing kids reared under semi-intensive management significantly enhanced the haemato- biochemical parameters due to a higher plane of nutrition provided to the treatment groups. The urea-based concentrate mixture is equally effective as a traditional concentrate mixture and no adverse effect on parameters studied.

Keywords : Concentrate Haemato- biochemical Parameters Urea Goats

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