Lumpy Skin Disease - An Emerging Threat to Livestock Industry

Authors

  • Mahendra Pal Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Bharuch, Gujarat, India
  • Anand Sejra Department of Animal Husbandry, Government of Rajasthan, Jaipur, INDIA
  • Tesfaye Rebuma School of Veterinary Medicine, Ambo University Guder Mamo Mezemir Campus Veterinary Teaching Clinic, Ambo, Oromia, ETHIOPIA
  • Mulugeta Tashoma Nono Woreda Agricultural office, Silk-Amba, West Shewa, Ambo, Oromia, ETHIOPIA
  • Nidhish Bhardwaj CII-Food and Agriculture Centre of Excellence, 4th Floor, Andhra Association Building 24-25, Lodi Road, New Delhi - 110003, INDIA

Keywords:

Cattle, Control, Emerging Threat, Lumpy Skin Disease Virus, Transmission, Prevention

Abstract

Viral diseases are an important cause of morbidity as well as mortality in humans and animals. Cattle are affected with many viral diseases including lumpy skin disease (LSD) which represents a significant economic loss to the livestock industry in many regions of the world including India. It is a devastating disease that is caused by the genus Capripoxvirus. The rainy season is the main time when cases of LSD are seen in animals, and it can spread through vector and non-vector channels. Cattle and buffalo are the primary victims, exhibiting a high fever, and skin nodules on their mucous membranes. The disease reduces milk production, abortion, infertility, and other problems, leading to significant economic losses even if its death rate is lower. LSD can cause symptoms that range from mild sickness to severe illness. The affected animals include fever, emaciation, swollen lymph nodes, skin edema, and occasionally even death. Nodules can also appear on the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs. Laboratory test helps to establish an unequivocal diagnosis of disease. There is no specific antiviral drug available to treat the affected animals with LSD. The best ways to prevent and control the disease are strict quarantine, vector control, and preventive vaccination.

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Published

31-05-2024

How to Cite

Pal, M., Sejra, A., Rebuma, T., Tashoma, M., & Bhardwaj, N. (2024). Lumpy Skin Disease - An Emerging Threat to Livestock Industry. International Journal of Livestock Research, 14(5), 1–6. Retrieved from http://ijlr.org/ojs_journal/index.php/ijlr/article/view/478

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